8 Common Bonsai Tree Species to Grow

Juniper (Juniperus spp.)

Junipers are a large genus of over 50 evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs. They are popular as bonsai due to their small foliage, which fits the miniature aesthetic, and their hardiness.

Japanese Maple

Japanese maples are deciduous hardwood trees with vibrant leaves that change colors in the fall. Leaves can be red, yellow, or green, transforming to brilliant reds, yellows, or oranges in fall.

Japanese Flowering Cherry

Known for signifying friendship, these ornamental deciduous trees are easy to shape and produce beautiful blossoms. Green or bronze foliage; flowers can be various shades of white or pink.

Cedar (Cedrus spp.)

Cedars have rough, ragged bark and short needle clusters, suitable for dramatic bonsai styles. They require specialized care. Allow the soil to partially dry between waterings.

Ginseng Ficus

A tropical species excellent for beginners due to its hardiness and unique aerial roots. Glossy green foliage and light brown bark leaves.

Dwarf Jade

A semi-evergreen softwood shrub suitable for beginners, it thrives in direct sunlight and has small foliage. Dark green succulent leaves, light brown branches.

Dwarf Boxwood

A popular shrub for bonsai due to its responsiveness to pruning. Varieties include littleleaf boxwood and Harland boxwood. Small, rounded, glossy, or leathery green leaves.

Fir (Abies spp.)

Often chosen for Christmas trees, they make perfect bonsai specimens. The Douglas fir is popular for its dense foliage and flexible branches. Green or bluish-gray needle-like leaves.